A trip to Melfi and the Norman South
If you are into the history of the Normans in Southern Italy, it's certainly worth coming to Melfi to see the castle build by Robert Guiscard in the 11th century, as well as the later, magnificent Norman-Arab bell tower next to the cathedral. The castle was the Norman's first stronghold in Southern Italy. Nothing much else to see in Melfi. The castle itself is largely off limits except for the central core, which has been turned into an archaeological museum, with finds from local Greek and Italic tombs and very little about the Normans or the history of the castle. A side trip to Venosa, a pretty little town with a definite Spanish feel to it, is certainly worth while. In the church of Santa Trinita, just outside town, you will find the tomb of Robert Guiscard and his brothers as well as the tomb of his first wife. The church abuts an archaeological park, with Roman, PaleoChristian remains, as well as an unfinished 12th century abbey church.